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Zemlyanka
burger
USSR, RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Badge of honor to the Railway Worker No. 63214

250 $
Marking:
84138
Country:
USSR
Period:
1940-th gg
The original.
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250 $
Marking:84138
Country:USSR
Dating:1940-th gg
The original.
DescriptionReviews
Description

Bronze, enamel, nickel plating. Good collector's condition. The twist is included. Guaranteed original.

History

On May 13, 1933, the Central Executive Committee of the USSR established a professional award for awarding transport workers – the badge "Honorary Railwayman". The badge "Honorary railway worker" was approved on May 15, 1934. People's Commissar of Railways A.A. Andreev, as the highest professional award of railway transport of the USSR. Since 1964, it has been called not an icon, but a sign. The NKPS Circular No. 89/TSOA dated May 20, 1934 sent a regulation on the Honorary Badge of a railway worker to the road network. According to the position , the Honorary Badge of a railway worker was issued to employees of the railways of the USSR for the following merits in railway transport: 


a) for the prevention of train wrecks, the destruction of transport structures, rolling stock, machinery and the rescue of victims of the crash; 


b) for exemplary performance of special impact work and tasks; 


c) for making technical improvements to the transport business; 


d) for exemplary work, which resulted in technical and economic achievements in transport; 


e) for inventive activity; 


f) for merits in research work in the field of transport.


The badge is issued by the resolution of the Central Award Commission of the NCPS both at the request of the direct chiefs of the represented, and party, professional and other public organizations on transport at their place of work. A railway transport worker who has received the badge of an Honorary Railway Worker should serve as an example of exemplary performance of his duties. The badge is worn on the left side of the chest. Those who have the badge of an Honorary railway worker, both working in transport and those who have left it due to switching to another job or social security, are granted the right: 


a) status of members of railway clubs; 


b) preservation of living space in houses subordinated to the NKPS; 


c) unhindered entrance to the platforms and passage along the station tracks, where special passes are not required.


Honorary railway workers had the right to travel free of charge on the USSR railway network in soft cars. They retained the right to wear uniforms after finishing work on transport and receiving uniforms on the same grounds as all railway transport workers.


The right to award the badge "Honorary Railwayman" belonged to the People's Commissar of Railways. Sample of 1978. Legislatively, this was enshrined in the fourth section of the Charter on the discipline of railway transport workers "Differences on the labor front and incentive measures". The badge No. 1 was awarded on October 31, 1934 to the train dispatcher of the Grozny branch Kutafin S.V., for advanced methods of train movement. The order of the People's Commissar of Railways stated: "The method of S.V. Kutafin is to spread. For the socialist attitude to work to reward T. Kutafina badge "Honorary railwayman". To publish a mass-circulation brochure about his experience and methods of work. Issue t . Kutafin has a full set of uniforms and a bonus in the amount of 600 rubles." Kutafin subsequently worked as an inspector for dispatching work of the NKPS, head of the Southern and Moscow-Kursk Railways, Hero of Socialist Labor (6.11.1943), General Director of the 2nd rank movement. The badge "To the Honorary Railwayman" No. 1 and the certificate to it, signed personally by the People's Commissar A.A. Andreev, were kept in the Central Museum of the Revolution of the USSR in Moscow. On the reverse of the sign on the plate there is an inscription: "Comrade. Kutafin S.V. for the socialist attitude to work 1D.N.K. N.K.P.S." and the date of the award. The badge is "small" in size (22 x 33 mm), made of 916 silver. Overhead parts - locomotive, banner, ribbon, ears, asterisk - gold. 


 On July 21, 1960, the Board of the Ministry of Internal Affairs recognized the need to revise the Regulations on the badge "Honorary Railwayman" and develop a new model of the badge. Transport has gone far ahead in technical development, the symbolism on the obverse of the badge did not reflect the changes that had taken place. One of the variants of the new badge was prepared by V. Skorokhod, an employee of the central office of the Ministry of Internal Affairs with many years of experience. It was the sample of a professional railway worker that was approved by the board. Instead of a steam locomotive, an electric locomotive is placed on the front part. The attachment of the badge to the clothes has been changed, it began to be worn on a rectangular pad. The first version of this sign was on an enamel pad, but it did not go into mass production. And the last option has become massive! The signs of the suspended type have a continuous numbering, they began with 112 thousand and ended with about 183 thousand numbers. There are many varieties of suspended type signs, but they concern only the reverse of the signs, or rather the method of drawing numbers and the location of the LMD stamps. These badges were also awarded to citizens of other states, but very rarely. After the collapse of the USSR, the USSR badge of the Skorokhod model ceased to exist, but due to its importance, some CIS states established a single sign of a new model, while retaining the numbering of the Soviet sign! 

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