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Lacquer miniatureUSSR, RUSSIAN FEDERATION
USSR, RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Box "Morozko", Mstera

185 $
Marking:
64971
Country:
USSR
Period:
1950s
The original.
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185 $
Marking:64971
Country:USSR
Dating:1950s
The original.
DescriptionReviews
Description

Wood, paint, varnish. Good collectors condition, small chip of paint on the upper right corner of the cover. Artist S. Bukin. Size 40*145*145 mm Guarantee of authenticity.

History

Mstera lacquer miniature — kind of Russian folk art that emerged in the village of Mstera in Vladimir region. Background the fishery was wood, painted with tempera and varnished little boxes with ornaments, trays, capsule. In the XIV century, Mstera along with Palekh and Kholui was one of the centers of Russian icon painting. The middle of the XVIII century appeared the so-called "micro-letters" — icons with miniature scenes and lots of details. In the early twentieth century with the advent of chromolithograph in the fishery has reached a crisis. And after the revolution eliminated the need for icons. The new government did not need the traditional subjects associated with the tsarist past, however, the craftsmen of lacquer miniatures to re not have now in boxes, chests and brooches were portrayed episodes of building communism in the village, the civil war, and folk epics. Iconographic tradition, the fairy-tale and social realism rolled into one. The manufacture of painted boxes with miniature paintings originated in 1930-e years after the First all-Russian agricultural and handicraft industrial exhibition. Initially, the former icon painters came together in 1923 in "Artel of ancient painting". In 1931 he formed the artel "Proletarian art", which later became a factory. Right after the show decided to make the boxes from papier-mache. Painting was done with tempera paints prepared on the basis of egg-yolk emulsion. By 1950 the years it has become the main features of the style. Outstanding representatives of Mstera lacquer miniatures are: A. I. Bragin, A. F. Catagen, I. N. Morozov, N. P. Fang, F. V. Galyshev, I. I. Tyulin and Serebryakov.

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