the USSR, 1950-70-s Lot consists of five photo (the bottom two - 1955), upper - 1970s poet Surkov Alexei Alexandrovich, and medals «25 years of Soviet cosmonautics» with license, issued in 1986, the son of Alexei Alexandrovich Alexey, after the death of the poet. Surkov A. A. became famous after he wrote in November 1941 song "In the dugout» - one of the most popular songs of the great Patriotic war. Rare lot of families, recommended!
Biography of the poet: Surkov, Alexei Alexandrovich
In 1939 - 1945 Aleksey Surkov as a war correspondent participated in the liberation campaigns in Western Belarus, the war with Finns, then in the great Patriotic war. It "December diary» (1940), realistically depicting the difficulties harsh winter campaign and "individuals marching friends», had served as a accessing poems, written in the years of the great Patriotic war: the collections of "December near Moscow»: June - December 1941. (1942, "Roads lead to the West»: January - may 1942» (1942, "I sing a victory»: 1943 - 1945 (1946). Special popularity was gained by his songs "Beats in a quiet little stove fire…”, "Song bold» (1941) and a number of poems, noted in 1946, the USSR State prize.
in the Fall of 1942, Alexei. Surkov, as a military correspondent of the newspaper "Red star,” came to the front under Rzhev. Here was a poem written "Night in September», and eleven poems with author's note: "Rzhev. 1942»Otsuda he sent his correspondence in "Red star». One of them is "Land under the ashes,“ published in October, began: Front of…Rzhev. Muddy smoky haze covered the city. In the breakthroughs of darkness - black charred house. On the front, surrounding the city gentle arc as a flame on a dry the wood, runs the rumble of automata showmanship, rifle shooting, clear and strict machine gun fire“AND then by master hand sketched a picture of the devastated earth:“…lie under the ashes surly pecise burnt villages. No home, no shed. No bath, no barns. The cold North wind is buzzing between the black branches of dead trees». The place is called the valley of Slaughter. And village - Glebovo, Vydrino, Plotnikova.
In the postwar years, Alexey Surkov has travelled extensively in the composition of the literary and public organizations. Impressions from the trips and meetings inspired his poems are included in the collections of: "the World - the world» (1950; GOS. prize, 1951), "East and West» (1957, "Songs about humanity» (1961, "What is happiness? (1969). In 1965 he published a collection of literary - critical articles and speeches "time Voice. Notes on the fields of the history of literature. 1934 - 1965.
Aleksey Surkov was a managing editor "Literary newspaper» (1944 - 1946), magazine "Light (1945 -1953). From 1962 - chief editor of "Concise Literary Encyclopedia». He was elected member of the Central auditing Commission CPSU (1952 - 1956), the Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 4 - 8 convocations and RSFSR 2 - 3 - convocations. He was a member of the World peace Council and the Soviet peace Committee. Secretary of the Board of JV USSR (since 1949; in 1953 -1959 - first Secretary). In 1969 Surkov awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor (1969).
Died Aleksey Surkov June 14, 1983 in Moscow.
Surkov, Alexei Alexandrovich (1899 — 1983) — Russian poet and public figure, Lieutenant Colonel (1943), Hero of Socialist Labor (1969), twice winner of the Stalin prize (1946, 1951).
Born on the 1st (13th) of October, 1899 in the village of Serednie Rybinsk uyezd, Yaroslavl province into a peasant family. With 12 years he served "the people" in St. Petersburg. After the October revolution went to the Red Army Politburo. At the end of the civil war returned to the village. Worked in polispace, a rural correspondent in the County paper. Subsequently, Alexei Surkov at the party and Komsomol work in Rybinsk and Yaroslavl, he edited the Komsomol newspaper. In 1925 he joined the VKP (b). Beneficial impact on the work of the writer before moving to Moscow, where he was elected to the leadership of Rupp (1928).
In 1934, Alexei Surkov graduated from the faculty of literature of the Institute of red professors. From 1934 — 1939 he worked in the magazine "Literary studies", was a direct assistant of A. M. Gorky in his edit. Surkov appears in it as a critic and editor. He is the author of several articles on poetry and articles about the song (mainly defense).
In 1939 — 1945 Alexei Surkov as a war correspondent he participated in the liberation campaigns to Western Belarus, the war with the white Finns, then in the great Patriotic war. His "December diary" (1940), realistically depicting the difficulties of the harsh winter campaign and "face of camp friends", had served as the approach to the poems written during the great Patriotic war: collections "December near Moscow": June — December 1941. (1942), "Roads lead to the West": January - may 1942" (1942), "I sing of a victory": 1943 – 1945 (1946). Special popularity was gained by his song "Beats in the quiet stove fire...", "brave Song" (1941) and a number of poems, noted in 1946, the State prize of the USSR.
In the autumn of 1942, Alex. Surkov, as the military correspondent of the newspaper "Red star," came to the front near Rzhev. Here was written the poem "Night in September" and eleven poems with the author's mark: "Rzhev. 1942".From here he sent his correspondence in "the Red star". One of them — "the Earth under the ashes," published in October, it began like this:"...the Rzhev Front. The murky shroud of smoke covered the city. Breakthroughs in the darkness — a black charred house. On the front, surrounding the city of gentle arc, like a flame of dry brushwood, traversed by the automaton drone blether, rifle shooting, a clear and strong machine gun fire“.And then a skillful hand sketched picture of devastated earth:“...lying under the ashes of sullen pecise of burned villages. No house, no barn. No bath, no barns. A cold North wind buzzing between the black branches of dead trees." The place is called the valley of Slaughter. And the village Glebovo, Vydrino, Plotnikova.
In the postwar years, Alexei Surkov traveled in literary and social organizations. Impressions of these journeys and encounters inspired his poems included in the collections: "peace — peace" (1950; State. prize of the USSR, 1951), "East and West" (1957), "Songs of humanity" (1961), "What is happiness?" (1969). In 1965 he published a collection of literary — critical articles and speeches "the voices of time. Notes in the margins of the history of literature. 1934 — 1965".
Alexei Surkov was responsible editor of "Literary newspaper" (1944 — 1946), the magazine "Ogonek" (1945 -1953). From 1962 editor in chief of "Brief Literary Encyclopedia". He was elected a member of the Central auditing Commission of the CPSU (1952 — 1956), a Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 4 — 8 — th convocation and the RSFSR 2 — 3 - convocations. He was a member of the World peace Council and the Soviet peace Committee. Secretary of the Board of the USSR writers Union (since 1949; in 1953 -1959 — first Secretary). In 1969 Surkov was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor (1969).
Died Alexei Surkov on 14 June 1983 in Moscow.
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