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USSR, RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Photo GSS KE Voroshilov

21 $
Marking:
50589
Country:
USSR
Dating:
1960s
The original.
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21 $
Marking:50589
Country:USSR
Dating:1960s
The original.
DescriptionReviews
Description

the USSR, 1960's. the Size 116*180 mm, Very good collection status. Guaranteed original. The flip side of the net.

 

Biography: Voroshilov Kliment Efremovich (23.1.1881, the village of Upper Bakhmut County Ekaterinoslav province — 2.12.1969, Moscow), military and statesman. Marshal of the Soviet Union (1935), twice Hero of the Soviet Union (1956, 1968), Hero of Socialist Labor (1960). The son of railway guard. With 1896 worked on Yurievsky metallurgical plant, 1902 — Lugansk. In 1903 entered into the RSDLP, Bolshevik. In before 1905. Lugansk Council of workers ' deputies. Repeatedly arrested. In 1908-17 led party work in Baku, St. Petersburg, Tsaritsyno. With March 1917 the Chairman of the Luhansk Council and the city Duma. With November 1917, Commissar of the Petrograd military revolutionary Committee of the city administration participated in the creation Cheka and supervised the first arrests in the city. With Jan. 1918 before. Cheka  the protection of Petrograd. In March 1918, the commander of the 1st Lugansk socialist party. With APR. 1918 the organizer and the commander of the 5th army. In July — the beginning Aug. 1918 was the commander of the forces in the defense of Tsaritsyn, where met and he became friends with I.V. Stalin. In Aug.-St. 1918 member of the Military Council of the North-Caucasian military district, in St.- Oct. 1918 member of the revolutionary military Council (RVS) and the SIP. the commander of the southern front. In Oct.- Dec. 1918 the commander of the 10th army. The time of hostilities Voroshilov showed no military talents, but was always distinguished "clean” party views. With Jan. 1919, the people's Commissar of internal Affairs Ukraine. He organized a punitive operation in the elimination of the detachments of ataman Grigoriev. In March 1919 was part of "military opposition», demanding to drive from the army all military specialists and to build the Red army solely on the basis of the militia, subordinated to the "revolutionary discipline» (i.e. it the total absence). In June — July 1919, the commander of the 14th army and internal Ukrainian front in force against the Ukrainian national squads. With S.M. Budenny was  among the main organizers of the 1st Cavalry (Nov. 1919) and became a member of the PBC the army. On this post is remained in the last period of the Civil war — until may be 1921. and received 3 orders of the red banner (1920, 1921, 1925) and honorary revolutionary weapon (1920). In the head of the group of delegates X the Congress of the RCP (b) participated in the suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion (1921). With 1921 member of the Central Committee of the RCP (b). In 1921-24 member of the South-Eastern Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (b), commander of the North Caucasus military district. Supervised the destruction of insurgents on the Caucasus. With 1924 commander of the Moscow military district and a member of the PBC the USSR. In June 1924-Dec. 1925, member of the organizing Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). After death M.V. Frunze Voroshilov, as a faithful and a consistent supporter of Stalin, was assigned 6.1 1.1925 Commissar on military and Maritime Affairs of the USSR and the Chairman of the RVS the USSR. In 1926 became a member of the Politburo (from 1952 — Bureau) of the Central Committee of the party. Voroshilov was the most celebrated commander of the Civil war (especially after 1937-38, when most of its associates was shot), his honor composed songs, called collective farms, factories, ships and etc. Soviet propaganda heavily hyping merits Voroshilov, naming it "the first Marshal. 

History

Voroshilov, Kliment Efremovich (23.1.1881, the village of Upper Bakhmut County Ekaterinoslav province — 2.12.1969, Moscow), military and statesman. Marshal of the Soviet Union (1935), twice Hero of the Soviet Union (1956, 1968), Hero of Socialist Labor (1960). The son of a railroad watchman. From 1896 he worked at the Yuriev metallurgical plant, since 1902 — in Lugansk. In 1903 joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. In 1905 before. The Lugansk city Council of workers ' deputies. Repeatedly arrested. In 1908-17 conducted party work in Baku, St. Petersburg, Tsaritsyn. From March 1917 the Chairman of the Luhansk Council and the city Duma. From November 1917 Commissioner of the Petrograd military revolutionary Committee to the city administration, participated in the creation of the Cheka and led the first arrests in the city. From Jan. Before 1918. CHK for the protection of Petrograd. In March 1918 the commander of the 1st Lugansk socialist detachment. With APR. 1918 the organizer and commander of the 5th army. In July — early Aug. 1918 he commanded a group of forces in the defense of Tsaritsyn, where he met and became friends with Stalin. In Aug.-St. 1918 member of the Military Council North Caucasian military district, Sept.- Oct. 1918 member of the revolutionary military Council (PBC) and POM. the commander of the southern front. In Oct.- Dec. 1918 commander of the 10th army. During hostilities Voroshilov showed no military talent, but always different "purity" of party views. From Jan. 1919 people's Commissar of internal Affairs of Ukraine. Organized a punitive operation to eliminate the detachments of ataman Grigoriev. In March 1919 he joined the"military opposition", demanding to expel from the army all the military experts and build the Red army solely on the basis of militia, slave "revolutionary discipline" (i.e. its absence). In June — July 1919 commander of the 14th army and internal Ukrainian front in force against the Ukrainian national squads. Together with sm Budenny was among the main organizers of the 1st Cavalry army (Nov. 1919) and became a member of the PBC army. In this post he remained the whole the last period of the Civil war — until may 1921. and got 3 orders of the red banner (1920, 1921, 1925) and honorary revolutionary weapon(1920). Led a group of delegates of the X Congress of the RCP (b) was involved in suppressing the Kronstadt rebellion (1921). Since 1921 member of the Central Committee of the RCP (b). In 1921-24 member of the southeastern Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (b), the commander of the North Caucasus military district. Led the destruction of the rebels in the Caucasus. From 1924 commander of the Moscow military district and a member of the RVS of the USSR. In June 1924-Dec. 1925 member of the organizing Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). After the death of Mikhail Frunze , Voroshilov, as a loyal and consistent supporter of Stalin, was assigned 6.1 1.1925 people's Commissar for military and naval Affairs of the USSR and Chairman of the RVS USSR. In 1926 he became a member of the Politburo (from 1952 — the Bureau) of the Communist party. Voroshilov became the most celebrated military leader of Civil war (especially after 1937-38, when most of his associates was shot), in honor of his composed songs, called collective farms, factories, ships, etc. the Soviet propaganda were heavily inflated merit Voroshilov, calling it "the first Marshal".

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