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DocumentsUSSR, RUSSIAN FEDERATION
USSR, RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Cigarette case and lot of papers of rear Admiral Kolchin P. I.

1 375 $
Marking:
68678
Country:
USSR
Period:
1940-60-ies
The original.
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1 375 $
Marking:68678
Country:USSR
Dating:1940-60-ies
The original.
DescriptionReviews
Description

Quite an interesting collection, including a silver cigarette case with an inscription, a photo of Admiral Kolchin with pioneers and a few documents. The weight of the cigar case 176 grams. Silver 875 samples. Guarantee of authenticity on all items of the lot, purchased directly from the heirs of Admiral Kolchin.

History

Kolchin Pavel Ivanovich, rear Admiral —24.10.1942—10.09.1944. The brigade commander of the destroyers. Entered the command and commanding staff of the Northern fleet. Born March 18, 1905 in Nizhny Novgorod to the family of the worker. Graduated from the Junior high school. In 1922, the Komsomol arrived in Leningrad, he received his degree in Navy preparatory school, and then in the future VMF imeni Frunze. In 1928 after the end of the mine facility two years he served in the Baltic destroyers "Stalin", then was sent to Leningrad to study in special classes of officers. After that Pavel Ivanovich was appointed to the position of divisional miner of the 1st division of destroyers and naval forces of the Baltic fleet, and then assistant commander of the destroyer "Voikov".

In 1933, the Soviet government decided to form the Northern military flotilla. To transfer warships from the Baltic to the Arctic was held EON - expeditions special purpose. Their composition was otrazilis the best ships and the best officers. Then Pavel Kolchin was appointed assistant commander of the destroyer "Karl Liebknecht". In the fall of 1933 EON-2 successfully completed the transition, and the sailors began to study his new theatre. The planned tasks are worked out in Motovskoy Bay, but often came out into the open sea. In January 1934 Kolchin became the commander of the TFR "the Storm", which was commanded for nearly four years. During this period he was promoted captain-Lieutenant, and then followed by another increase in rank and in office - at first it took the destroyer "Karl Liebknecht", and then, a captain 3rd rank, became the commander of a separate battalion of destroyers of the Northern fleet.

In 1939, the division of destroyers was reformed into a brigade, and captain 2nd rank P. I. Kolchin has appointed its chief of staff. In this post he met the Soviet-Finnish war. During her Kolchin had to deal with planning operations of destroyers of the Northern fleet, and after the end of hostilities, in April 1940, Pavel Ivanovich waited for a new assignment - in Molotovsk.

In July 1940 came the decision of Committee of defense in SNK "On the extension of the system based in the Navy". In accordance with this document, the people's Commissar of the Navy order No. 00186 dated 1 August 1940 ordered the commander of the Northern fleet to form in Molotovsk naval base. Here at the future shipyard No. 402 had already been laid down two battleships and several destroyers project 30, and needed to find an officer who could create and lead a new division - a division built and repaired ships. Stopped at P. I. Kolchin. In fairness I must say that the posts of commander of the said division is not opened. So Pavel Ivanovich formally designated the flagship miner of the staff of the Northern fleet, but in fact sent in Molotovsk. The task is formulated so: "to begin building a naval base in Crimea from available forces and means." P. I. Kolchin immediately proceeded to its solution.

The order of people's Commissar of the Navy, dated 20 November 1940 he was appointed acting commander of the newly built battleships of the "Soviet Russia" and "Soviet Belarus" and senior naval chief of Molotovsk. In this position, Pavel Kolchin and met the Great Patriotic war.

July 20, 1941 at St Catherine's harbour erupted in a violent tragedy. In the result of a surprise attack by Nazi planes here at anchor was sunk by the latest Soviet destroyer "Swift." Total killed 114 people. Among those who survived, but was wounded was the commander of the 1st division of destroyers captain 2nd rank Vladimir Fokin. He was sent to the hospital, and in his place appointed P. I. Kolchin. Pavel Ivanovich made the connection in a very difficult period. The enemy then made three powerful attack on Murmansk area. Our 14th army could hardly contain the onslaught, the personnel is not enough. Then the command of the fleet has dramatically reduced the States on ships and in parts, otkommentiroval to help ground forces more than ten thousand sailors and petty officers. At the same time every day, the destroyers and patrol ships went to sea and inflicted artillery strikes on German positions. The load on the ships were the ultimate. In this situation it was necessary to mobilize commanders, including by example.
Pavel Kolchin directly supervised the actions of the ships in a number of operations, being on the captain's bridge. Suffice it to say: for the period from 1941 to 1944, the destroyers of the connection Kolchin made 180 trips to strengthen the escort of allied convoys. It is noteworthy that when these convoys were reinforced by destroyers of the Northern fleet, the allies losses are not carried. It says a competent defense organization.

Three destroyers of the Soviet brigade went to the enemy's shores, in the so-called raiding of the operation, fired at the Norwegian coast, captured by the Nazis, and inflicted serious damage. Total for the war ships under the command of P. I. Kolchin complied with 550 trips. In most of them, Pavel Ivanovich was with his sailors. Only, perhaps, that marred the service Kolchin, is the story of the destroyer "Shattering", when the ship was caught in a severe storm in 12 points, broke and sank. Pavel Ivanovich grieved at the death of comrades and destroyer "Crushing" and remembered for the rest of his days. When people died on the "Devastating" for the fleet arrived General I. V. Rogov with the Commission to determine the causes and take action. He was "required to punish in any case, that another nepovadno was". The presentation of awards to those sailors who fought heroically for the salvation of the ship and even sacrificed their lives, was unrealized. Himself Pavel Kolchin of the death of "Crushing" has not received the title hero of the Soviet Union.

In 1944, with the advent of the Northern fleet from England the whole of the detachment of combat ships was reorganized surface forces created by squadron. P. I. Kolchin (by this time he already had the rank of rear Admiral) was appointed to the post of chief of staff of the squadron of the Baltic fleet. Pavel Ivanovich commanded here 9 months, after which he was sent to Germany to supervise the acceptance of captured warships. Immediately after the war Kolchin enrolled in the naval Academy named after Voroshilov and after the end of the three-year course was left at the Academy as Deputy head of course. From November 1954 to October 1957 he was the Deputy chief vvmu Frunze and Deputy head of the Department of surface ships, military medical Academy named after Voroshilov. In 1960 he was dismissed in the margin of the disease, and in five years, October 11, 1965, he died and was buried in Leningrad at Chinavietnam cemetery.

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