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Photo GSS astronaut V.M. Komarov

30 $
Marking:
55100
Country:
USSR
Period:
1960s
The original.
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30 $
Marking:55100
Country:USSR
Dating:1960s
The original.
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Description

the USSR, 1960's. Size 15*21 see the Reverse side of the net. Perfect collectible status. The original document.

 

Biography: Vladimir Mikhailovich Komarov (16 March 1927, Moscow - April 24 1967, Orenburg region) - pilot-cosmonauttwice with Hero of the Soviet Union, engineer-Colonel. The commander of the first crew of three. Twice flew on the first ship of a new type: Sunrise-1 and Union-1.

In 1943 finished seven-year school and entered the 1-St Moscow special BBC, aspiring to become a pilot. Special school graduated in July 1945when the the war is already over. After finishing school BBC became a cadet of Solovskii aviation school of initial training and in September of the same year cadet Borisoglebsk Military aviation school of pilots.

In July 1946 was transferred to the Bataysk military aviation school of the name Anatoly Serov, after which, in 1949 began serving a military pilot and fighter aviation regiment of fighter aviation division BBC the North Caucasus military district, based in Grozny. There he became acquainted with the school teacher Valentina, who soon became his wife.

In 1959 successfully graduated from 1 faculty of air force Academy named after N. E. Zhukovsky and was assigned to the State red banner Institute of the air force, where was engaged in the testing of new aircraft designs. Here, in AF gknii, the Commission for selection in the first cosmonaut detachment asked Vladimir Komarov new secret probation work, and in 1960 he was enlisted in the cosmonaut detachment (the first set, the group of the air force №  1).

In April, 1961 of General space training was completed, and Mosquitoes began training for a mission in space ships "East» and "Sunrise».

His first space flight Vladimir Komarov made a 12 October - 13 October 1964 year aboard spacecraft "Sunrise» together with astronauts Constantine Feoktistova and Boris Egorov. It was the world's first multi-seat space ship. For the first time the crew were not only a pilot, but also an engineer and a doctor. For the first time in the history of the crew has flown without suits. Was first used the system for a soft landing. Callsign "ruby» night sounded from orbit. The total flight duration was one day 17 minutes, during this time the ship is 16 times circled the globe. The main flight task was to ensure the priority of the USSR in space flight crew of several astronauts. For successful performance of flight Vladimir Komarov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Unionhanded the order of Lenin and Medal "gold Star». Soon he was given the qualification of "Astronaut 3rd class", and on 23 January 1965 he was appointed instructor-cosmonaut in a group of astronauts who were training under the programs of the Ministry of defense.

Despite the short duration of the flight, the astronauts started with Khrushchevand reported on the results of the flight already Brezhnevbecause on the next day after their landing Khrushchev was deposed (The October Plenum 1964).

In September 1965 he was included in the group of training under the program of "Union». In August 1966 it was decided that Vladimir Komarov will be flying the "Union-1». His understudy appointed Yuri Gagarin (it is possible that be alive Queens, it would be Vice versa, as the General designer promised Gagarin second flight on a new vehicle). This flight on April 23 - 24 April 1967 was fatal: Vladimir Komarov died at the completion of the flight program, when during the descent to Earth did not come out the main parachute capsule. Slings reserve parachute curled due to the rotation of the descent module. At high speed descent vehicle crashed into the ground in desert areas, in the Adamovsky district, Orenburg region and caught fire. The device was completely destroyed in a collision with the ground, and started as a result of fire residues design.

the statement TASS, published the next day, said:

on April 23, 1967 in the Soviet Union was launched with the purpose of flight testing on the orbit of the Earth, a new space ship "Soyuz-1», piloted by the pilot-cosmonaut of the USSR, hero of the Soviet Union engineer-Colonel Komarov Vladimir Mikhailovich. During the test flight, which lasted more than a day, V. M. Komarov was completely fulfilled the planned programme for the training systems of a new ship and planned scientific experiments. In flight, the pilot-cosmonaut of the Century, M. Komarov did maneuvering of the ship, conducted tests of its basic systems in different modes and gave expert evaluation of the technical characteristics of the new spacecraft. April 24, when the test program was finished, it was proposed to terminate the flight and landing. After realization of all operations connected with the transition to the regime of boarding the ship successfully passed the most difficult and responsible part of deceleration in the dense layers of the atmosphere and has fully repaid the first space speed. However, when you open the main dome of a parachute on the seven-kilometer altitude, according to preliminary data, as a result of twisting parachute slings spacecraft was down with great speed, which was the cause of death Century M. Komarova. The untimely death of the outstanding cosmonaut tester of space ships Vladimir Mikhailovich Komarov is a heavy loss for the whole Soviet people.

On the place of death built a memorial complex.

For heroism, courage and bravery shown during the implementation of flight, was awarded the second medal "gold Star» (posthumously). international Committee on Aeronautics and space travel noted feat astronaut order "the winds» with diamonds. The dust Vladimir Komarov placed in an urn in Kremlin wall red square Moscow April 26. But the official tomb - second. After the state Commission was taken to Moscow by the remains of continuing to work on the site of experts found several more fragments of the body. Not communicating with the official authorities, they are on the next day after the tragedy, that is, ahead of the funeral, buried found fragments directly on the place of death Komarova in the desert near the Orsk.

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History

Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov (16 March 1927, MoscowApril 24, 1967, Orenburg oblast) — pilot-cosmonaut, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, engineer-Colonel. The commander of the first crew of three. Flew twice on the first ships of a new type: Voskhod-1 and Soyuz-1.

In 1943 he graduated seven years and enrolled in the 1st Moscow special air force, aspiring to become a pilot. The special school he graduated from in July 1945, when the war was over. After graduation, the air force became a cadet Solowski aviation school of initial training, and in September of the same year, a cadet from Borisoglebsk Military aviation school pilots.

In July 1946 he was transferred to Bataisk military aviation school named after Anatoly Serov, after graduation in 1949, he began his service as a military fighter pilot in aviation regiment fighter aviation division VVS North Caucasus military district, stationed in Grozny. There he met a school teacher Valentina, who soon became his wife.

In 1959, successfully completed 1 the Department of the air force Academy named after N. E. Zhukovsky and was assigned to the State red banner research Institute of the air force, where he was responsible for testing new aircraft designs. Here, in gknii the BBC, the Commission for the selection of the first group of astronauts invited Vladimir Komarov new secret trial operation, and in 1960 he was enlisted in the cosmonaut detachment (the first set, air force group No. 1).

In April 1961 he passed General space training was completed, and the Mosquitoes began training to fly on space ships org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BA_%28%D0%BA%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%BA%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%BB%D1%8C%29">"Vostok" and "Voskhod".

His first space flight of Vladimir Komarov was committed on October 1213 October 1964 aboard the space ship Voskhod with cosmonauts Konstantin Feoktistov and Boris Egorov. It was the world's first multi-seater spacecraft. First in crews were not only pilot, but also an engineer and a doctor. For the first time in history the crew was flying without spacesuits. Was first applied, the soft landing system. Callsign "ruby" day sounded from orbit. The total flight duration was one day and 17 minutes, during this time, the ship 16 times circled the globe. The main flight task was the priority of the USSR in space travel the crew of several astronauts. For the successful execution of flight Vladimir Komarov was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, awarded the order of Lenin and Medal "gold Star". Soon, he received qualification "Cosmonaut 3rd class", and on January 23, 1965, he was appointed as an instructor-cosmonaut in the cosmonaut group, preparing programme of the Ministry of defence.

Despite the short duration of the flight, the astronauts started when Khrushchevand reported on the results of the flight already Brezhnev, because the next day after their landing Khrushchev was deposed (October Plenum of 1964).

In September 1965 he was included in the training group flight program "Soyuz". In August 1966 it was decided that Vladimir Komarov is the pilot of the "Soyuz-1". His understudy has appointed Yuri Gagarin (it's possible that be alive Queens, it would be Vice versa, since the General designer promised Gagarin second flight on a new ship). This flight April 23 — April 24, 1967 proved fatal: Vladimir Komarov was killed upon completion of the mission, when during the descent to Earth was released the main parachute of the descent module. Straps reserve parachute had twisted due to the rotation of the lander. At high speed the lander crashed into the ground in a desert area in Adamovsky district of Orenburg region and caught fire. The unit was completely destroyed in the collision with the ground, and began as a result of fire residue structure.

In a statement org/wiki/%D0%A2%D0%90%D0%A1%D0%A1">TASSpublished the next day said:

23 April 1967 the Soviet Union launched with the purpose of flight test to Earth's orbit a new spacecraft "Soyuz-1" piloted by pilot-cosmonaut of the USSR hero of the Soviet Union engineer-Colonel Komarov Vladimir Mikhailovich. During the test flight, which lasted more than a day, V. M. Komarov was fully implemented the planned programme for the systems development of the new ship, and carried out the planned scientific experiments. During flight, the pilot-cosmonaut V. M. Komarov made the manoeuvring of the ship, conducted the trials of its main systems in different modes and gave a qualified assessment of the technical characteristics of the new spacecraft. On April 24, when the test programme was finished, he was asked to stop flying and land. After all operations associated with the transition to the landing mode, the ship safely passed the most difficult and important part of the braking in the dense layers of the atmosphere and has fully repaid the first space speed. However, when you open the main parachute canopy at a height of seven kilometers long, according to preliminary data, as a result of twisting a sling of the parachute the rocket was dropped at high speed that caused the death of V. M. Komarov. The untimely death of distinguished cosmonaut engineer spacecraft to Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov is a heavy loss for all Soviet people.

At the place of death erected the memorial complex.

For heroism courage and bravery shown during the implementation of flight was awarded the second medal "gold Star" (posthumously). The international Committee on Aeronautics and space flight celebrated the feat of astronaut the order of "wind rose" with diamonds. The remains of Vladimir Komarov placed in an urn in the Kremlin wall on red square in Moscow on April 26. But the official grave — second. After the state Commission had taken to Moscow the remains, continuing to work in place of professionals have found several fragments of the body. Not contacting the authorities, they next day after the tragedy, on the eve of the state funeral, buried the fragments found on the spot of the death of Komarov in the desert under Orsk.

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